Fitness training is classed as a multitude of things but for me there are 5 key elements to maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

 

Aerobic fitness,

otherwise known as cardio vascular or endurance activity. This is often the foundations of most fitness programs. Training aerobically causes you to breathe harder and faster which will mean your body will maximize the amount of oxygen in your blood. The higher that your levels of aerobic fitness are means that your heart, lungs and blood vessels are working more efficiently to transport oxygen around the body making every day tasks much easier to deal with.

 

Strength training

2-3 times per week can have a great impact on your overall health. It can help to increase bone density and muscular fitness while also building muscle mass. The more muscle mass you have the more calories your body will burn in order to just sustain itself, having a direct impact on your BMR.

 

Core training

is exercising the muscles in your abdomen, lower back and pelvis. These muscles are responsible for helping to protect the back and connecting upper and lower body movements. To work the core muscles you need to exercise in a way that works the trunk of the body without support. A perfect example of this and one of the easiest and most effective exercises to perform is the plank.

 

Balance training

could possibly be the most overlooked aspect of fitness training. Working on your balance can help to stabilize the core muscles. Balance is instilled in us from when we are first born. Trying to stabilize the head from rolling by strengthening muscles in the neck. Moving into crawling and soon into walking, constantly fighting gravity and building balance. Why would we then forget about the importance of balance in later life. Balance is vital in every day life and in the activities we do. Balance will often become worse the older we get, leading to falls and injury. Training this aspect of fitness now will improve your quality of life in later years.

 

Flexibility and stretching

are key components of fitness. Flexibility is classified as the capacity of a joint to perform through its full range of motion. Good flexibility is important for injury prevention and can be improved through an effective stretching program. By doing this you are not only increasing the range of motion in a joint but also promoting better posture. Posture is something that is suffering dramatically in the world that we live in today. Stretching is linked to stress relief. For this reason, and for the improvements made to range of motion in joints, it is an integral aspect of fitness.

I incorporate all of these elements into my clients training programs. Yes everyone has their own goal in mind but training in just one of these components can be relatively ineffective. Having a balanced mix will not only ensure we are hitting the goals we have set for you. It will dramatically improve your overall health and wellbeing.